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How to Find Fish in a Stream

The head of a pool and a grassy, undercut bank combine to form a highly productive holding area. (Ross Purnell Photo)
The head of a pool and a grassy, undercut bank combine to form a highly productive holding area. (Ross Purnell Photo)

Learn how to read the water and catch more fish

Finding fish is the first step to a successful outing. In moving water, predatory fish hold in the same types of places whether they are trout or smallmouth bass.

Fish in streams and rivers have two primary survival motives: 1) Finding shelter from the current and from predators; and 2) maximizing feeding opportunities.

Generally, there is more food in faster current because, like a conveyor belt, faster current moves more food toward the stationary feeding fish. However, trout, bass, and other predators must expend more energy in fast current, and if there’s not much drifting or swimming food, the effort may not be worthwhile.

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